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In Arabic, jumrah is a small pebble. The plural form is jamarat. In terms of terms, it means throwing or stoning with pebbles taken when staying at the target of the jumrah place.
Stoning the Jamaraat is an activity in performing the Hajj pilgrimage which takes place on the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th of Zulhijah. Before that, let us know why stoning the Jamaraat is obligatory.
We should first recognize what the definition, meaning, and prayers for stoning the Jamrah are. As well as what the prayer after stoning the Jamrah, the procedure, and when the pilgrims stoned the Jamrah.
Check out the explanation of the article below, hopefully it will be useful, truFriends...
1. Definition of Stoning the Jumrah
Stoning the jumrah is one of the activities in the hajj pilgrimage carried out in Mina as part of the hajj series. This activity is throwing seven pebbles at the three pillars of the jumrah target which is symbolic of stoning the devil.
The location of the stoning of the jumrah is carried out on the jumrah bridge located in Mina to the east of Mecca City. There are three locations for stoning the jumrah that prospective pilgrims need to know, which include:
Jumrah Ula: located at the Khoif Mosque at a distance of approximately 156 meters from the stoning of the Wustho jumrah.
Wustho jumrah: Located in the middle between the Ula jumrah and the Aqabah jumrah, with a distance of 117 meters.
Jumrah Aqabah: located closest to the city of Mecca.
Hajj pilgrims usually collect pebbles used for stoning the jumrah during the overnight stay in Muzdalifah. The number of pebbles that must be carried is 49-70 grains.
2. The Meaning of Stoning the Jamrah
Stoning the jumrah has an important meaning in the context of the Hajj pilgrimage because it symbolizes the strength and determination of Muslims in resisting the temptations and trials of the devil and obedience to Allah's commands.
This activity also reminds pilgrims of the courage and faith of Prophet Ibrahim in the face of severe tests given by Allah SWT.
In addition to the Hajj pilgrimage, stoning jumrah can also be done in the Umrah pilgrimage. However, in the context of Umrah, there are no specific provisions regarding the number of strokes and the location of the jumrah stoning site.
The activities performed during Hajj - including stoning the Jamaraat - are for the purpose of remembering Allah. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, "Verily, the circumambulation of the Kaaba, the sa'i between Shafa and Marwa and the stoning of the Jamaraat are for the remembrance of Allah." (HR. Abu Daud).
3. Prayer for Stoning the Jamaraat
Before stoning the Jamaraat, it must be preceded by a prayer. Here are the prayers for stoning the Jamaraat while in Ula, Wustho, Aqabah according to Imam Ghazali.
بِسْمِ اللهِ وَاللهُ أَكْبَرُ رَجْمًا لِلَشَّيَاطِينِ وَرِضًا لِلَّرْحْمَنِ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ حَجًّا مَبْرُورًا وَسَعْياً مَشْكُورًا
Bismillaahi wallahu akbar, rajman lisysyaathiini wa ridhan lirrahmaani allahummaj'al hajjan mabruuran wa sa'yan masykuuran.
Meaning: "In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest. The curse is for the devil and the pleasure is for Allah, the Most Compassionate. O Allah, make my Hajj acceptable and my sa'i grateful."
4. Prayer after stoning the three Jamrahs
The supplication after stoning the Jamrah must be offered as a symbol of closing the Jamrah activity.
From Imam Ghazali in Ihya Ulumuddin, after stoning a series of Jamrahs, to conclude the Jamrah activity, recite the following prayer:
الْحَمْدُ لَِّلهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ اللَّهُمَّ لَا أُحْصِى ثَنَاءً عَلَيْكَ أَنْتَ كَمَا أَثْنَيْتَ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ. اللَّهُمَّ إِلَيْكَ أَفَضْتَ وَمِنْ عَذَابِكَ أَشْفَقْتُ َوإِلَيْكَ رَغِبْتُ وَمِنْكَ رَهِبْتَ فَاقْبِلْ نُسُكِي وَأَعْظِمْ أَجْرِي وَارْحِمْ تَضَرُّعِي وَاقْبَلْ تَوْبَتِي وَأَقِلَّ عَثَرَتِي وَاسْتَجِبْ تَوْبَتِي وَأَعْطِنِي سُؤْلِى. اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ حَجًّا مَبْرُورًا وَسَعْيًا مَشْكُورًا
Alhamdu lillaahi hamdan kastiiran thayyiban mubaarakan fiih. Allahumma laa uhshii tsanaa'an 'alaika arta kamaa atsnaita 'alaa nafsika. Allahumma ilaika afadhtu wa min 'adzaabika ashfaqtu wa aqilla 'atsaratii wastajib da'watii wa a'thinii su'lii. Allahummaj'alhu hajjan mabruuran wa sa'yan masykuuran.
5. The wisdom of stoning the Jamaraat is as follows:
Exemplifying the Prophet Ibrahim AS
The history of stoning the Jamrah itself is based on the story of Prophet Ibrahim AS. The stoning of the Jamrah was carried out because the devil tried to obstruct Prophet Ibrahim AS when carrying out Allah's command to slaughter his son, Ismail AS. the devil obstructed Prophet Ibrahim AS at Al-Jamaraat three times. Prophet Ibrahim AS then threw pebbles at him every time the devil tried to prevent him. This continued until he arrived at the last Jumrah.
6. Resisting Satan's Temptation
As a form of fighting the devil so that their temptations cannot penetrate humans.
7. Self Purification
Throwing jumrah in 3 places, as a symbol to purify yourself. Where staying away from prohibitions and carrying out obligations is already in the provisions of Allah SWT.
8. Remembering the Day of Judgment
For Muslims to be reminded of the day of judgment that will exist in the afterlife.
Procedure for stoning the JamrahStoning the Jamrah cannot be done carelessly. There are procedures for stoning the Jamrah that must be done. Here are the procedures for throwing the Jamrah, according to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad as follows:
9. Throwing pebbles toward the monument.
Throwing stones toward the monument 7 times must be done. The pebble must enter the Marma hole (the target of throwing jumrah). If the pebble hits the monument and then goes past the bowl of Marma, the pebble is considered invalid and must be repeated.
10. Performed in sequence.
Stoning the Jamaraat must be done in sequence, starting from stoning the Jamaraat on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, namely stoning the Aqabah Jamaraat.
After that, throw the Jamaraat on the 11th, 12th, 13th of Dhul Hijjah, namely Ula, Wustha and Aqabah.
The pebbles must be thrown during the day at Jamarat. It is obligatory if the pilgrims are in good health to throw the Jamaraat at noon. However, if the pilgrims are unwell, or the weather is extreme, it can be replaced at night.
11. The pilgrims will be informed by the guide about when the schedule for stoning begins.
If you forget to do it, it must be replaced.
If the pilgrims forget to do it on the 11th, it must be replaced on the 12th. Failure to throw the jumrah must be repeated.
If the throw fails to enter the Marma, then the throw is considered a failure and must be repeated. It is not permissible to throw all seven stones at once.
It is not permissible to throw the seven pebbles at once. It must be done in order, up to seven times. And if it fails then it must be repeated again.
12. Stoning the Jamrah can be replaced
For pilgrims who are in an unhealthy condition, such as fever, unable to walk, unable to move their body and pilgrims who have aged, may be replaced by relatives, colleagues, or mahrams who are still in good health.
The person who throws the Jamrah for another person must first throw the Jamrah for himself, and is allowed to throw it again for the person he replaced in the same Marma. Failure to Stone the Jamrah Does Not Cancel Hajj
When you fail to throw the Jamaraat or do a series of activities incorrectly in sequence, your Hajj will still be valid. It just has to be repeated until it is done correctly. When does the Hajj Jama'ah start stoning the Jamrah? Indonesian pilgrims will start stoning the Aqabah Jamrah after spending the night in Muzdalifah on the 10th of Dhulhijjah.
Forbidden times for stoning the Jamrah include:
-The 10th of Dhulhijjah is prohibited from stoning the Jamaraat from 04:00 - 10:00 WAS.
-On the 11th, there is no forbidden time for stoning the Jamaraat.
-The 12th of Dhu'l-Hijjah is prohibited from stoning the Jamaraat from 10:00 - 14:00 WAS.
-The thirteenth of Dhu'l-Hijjah has no prohibited time for stoning the Jamaraat.
-The time allowed for stoning the Jamrah: On the 10th of Dhu'l-Hijja, the government of Saudi Arabia stipulates that Indonesian pilgrims are prohibited from stoning the Jamaraat until 13:00 WAS.
-The 11th of Zulhijah is free at any time.
-12 Dhulhijjah the time allowed for stoning the Jamrah at 15.00 WAS.
-13 Dhulhijjah is free from morning until the pilgrims finish doing Nafar Tsani.
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