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The difference between Hajj and Umrah needs to be known by Muslims and Muslim women. Both are rituals of worship performed in the Holy Land of Mecca. However, there is a fundamental difference between Hajj and Umrah.
Hajj itself is included in the fifth pillar of Islam, while Umrah is not included in the pillars of Islam. In terms of the law itself, Umrah is sunnah, but Hajj is only for people who are physically, mentally and financially capable.
From this, it can be seen that Hajj and Umrah are two different things. The difference does not stop there, but from the definition, time of implementation, and so on. So what are the differences between Hajj and Umrah? Let's see the full explanation below, truFriends!
Difference between Hajj and Umrah
Performing Hajj and Umrah is a dream for all Muslims. However, it is very important to know the differences between the two. Here are some differences between Hajj and Umrah that truFriends should know.
1. Definition of Hajj and Umrah
The definitions of Hajj and Umrah are not too different. Hajj comes from the Arabic word 'al-hajju' which means deliberate or towards and visit. The place visited in this case is the Kaaba and certain places in the holy land.
Umrah for Indonesian Muslims is a small hajj. In Arabic, Umrah means making a pilgrimage to the city of Mecca by performing several practices. From the definition, it seems that the two are almost similar, but the implementation is different, you know, truFriends.
2. The Law of Worship
From the brief explanation above, it can be seen that Hajj has an obligatory law. Hajj is included in the fifth pillar of Islam, which states that the pilgrimage must be performed by people who are able. In this case, a person who is physically, mentally and financially capable.
Umrah has the law of sunnah muakad, which means that it is recommended to be done, but if not, then it is okay. According to the Hanafis, sunnah muakkad has the same meaning as wajib, except that it is below fardhu.
3. The pillars of Hajj and Umrah
In performing Hajj and Umrah, there are different pillars or things that must be fulfilled for the validity of worship. In performing Hajj, pilgrims need to fulfill the pillars of Hajj which include: the intention of ihram, wukuf in Arafat, tawaf, sai, and cutting hair.
Meanwhile, Umrah does not have the pillars of wukuf in Arafat. So, Umrah pilgrims only need to fulfill the pillars of the intention of ihram, tawaf, sai, and cutting hair.
4. Time of Performance
The difference between Hajj and Umrah is in the aspect of implementation time. Hajj is only performed from the end of the month of Shawwal to the month of Dhulhijjah. Hajj pilgrims will undergo the pilgrimage for approximately 40 days.
This is different from the Umrah pilgrimage which can be done at any time. Yes, if truFriends plan to go for Umrah, truFriends can go as soon as they wish.
5. Legal Evidence
Allah has commanded Muslims to perform Hajj and Umrah sincerely for the sake of Allah through QS. Al-Baqarah verse 196, which reads as follows:
وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلَّهِ
Meaning: "And complete your Hajj and Umrah for the sake of Allah." (QS. Al-Baqarah verse 196).
Meanwhile, in QS. Ali Imran verse 97 also states that one of man's obligations towards Allah is to visit the House of Allah.
وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ حِجُّ ٱلْبَيْتِ مَنِ ٱسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ ٱلَّهَ غَنِىٌّ عَنِ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ
Meaning: "Performing the Hajj is an obligation upon mankind towards Allah, (for) those who are able to travel to the House of Allah. Whoever denies (the obligation of Hajj), then surely Allah is rich (in need of nothing) from the universe." (QS. Ali Imran: 97).
Then, the evidence regarding Hajj in QS. Al Hajj verse 27 states that Hajj is an obligatory act of worship that Muslims must perform.
وَأَذِّن فِى ٱلنَّاسِ بِٱلْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ
Meaning: "And call out to the people to perform Hajj, and they will come to you on foot and on lean camels from all the distant places," (Al Hajj: 27).
6. Place of Performance
There is a difference in the place of performance of Hajj and Umrah after miqat. The term miqat means the time limit and place to start the ihram of Hajj or Umrah.
The miqat for Hajj is in Makkah (Grand Mosque), Jabal Rahmah, Mina, and Arafat. Meanwhile, the Umrah miqat is in several places such as: Mecca (Masjidil Haram) and Medina (Masjidil Nabawi).
The term obligatory is a series of rituals that, if left out, do not cancel Hajj or Umrah, but must be replaced with a fine (dam). The fine itself can be in the form of slaughtering livestock, giving alms with basic food, or fasting.
The obligatory parts of Hajj consist of:
8. Physical and Mental Strength
Hajj pilgrims need greater physical strength due to the long series and duration of the Hajj. Umrah pilgrims must also maintain their health while undergoing worship.
Both Hajj and Umrah pilgrims certainly do not want to skip an activity while in the holy land, so it is necessary to maintain body fitness before leaving. Do not forget to bring medicines, just in case the disease recurs.
We all know that both Hajj and Umrah are quite costly. However, the cost of Umrah tends to be less than Hajj. This is because there are fewer Umrah processions and the process is quicker.
Hajj is relatively more expensive and the queue is also long. After registering for Hajj, pilgrims will likely wait for departure for as early as 15 years or as long as 30 years.
Did truFriends know that the Hajj quota is set by the Saudi Arabian government every year? Yes, the Saudi Arabian government set Indonesia's 2023 Hajj quota at 221,000 pilgrims. Which consists of 203,320 regular pilgrims, 17,680 special pilgrims, and 4,200 hajj officers.
The hajj quota is the largest hajj quota in the world, followed by Pakistan with 179,210 and India with 175,025. The departure of pilgrims worldwide in 2023 is likely to begin in May and June 2023.
Meanwhile, the Umrah pilgrimage in 2023 will no longer have an annual quota for Indonesian pilgrims. In other words, the Saudi Arabian government has relaxed the rules to make it easier for pilgrims to perform Umrah at any time.
Comfortable Women's Hajj and Umrah Clothing
That's the complete information about the differences between Hajj and Umrah. Now truFriends must have known both differences, right? Both Hajj and Umrah must be carried out in full obedience to Allah SWT.
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