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For Muslims, the Nabawi Mosque is one of the special mosques in the world. This is because the Nabawi Mosque was built by the Prophet Muhammad SAW, the messenger of Allah SWT as well as the last prophet. In Islamic history, the Prophet's Mosque witnessed the struggle of the Prophet's da'wah in spreading Islam throughout the country.For Muslims, the Nabawi Mosque is one of the special mosques in the world. This is because the Nabawi Mosque was built by the Prophet Muhammad SAW, the messenger of Allah SWT as well as the last prophet. In Islamic history, the Prophet's Mosque witnessed the struggle of the Prophet's da'wah in spreading Islam throughout the country.
It doesn't stop here, the existence of the Prophet's Mosque is so special because there is the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad SAW and the Caliphs who fought during the early days of Islamic civilization. In Islamic history, the Nabawi Mosque is the third mosque built and second largest mosque in the world.
Also Read: History of the Kaaba and the Emergence of the Qibla Direction
What is the Prophet's Mosque?The Prophet's Mosque is the second holiest place for Muslims after the Grand Mosque in Mecca. This mosque was formerly believed to be the residence of the Prophet Muhammad after moving to Medina in 622 AD. In addition, the Nabawi Mosque is also a building that is used as a place for social and religious activities.
After the death of Prophet Muhammad SAW, the change of ruler of Medina helped expand the area of the Prophet's Mosque. Even in 1909, this mosque became one of the brightest places in the Arabian Peninsula because it received electricity. This mosque is the Prophet's Mosque which is always guarded for its safety and beauty.
Prophet Muhammad SAW himself was the first imam of the Nabawi Mosque. After death, the companions continued their sacred duties as prayer leaders. While the first muezzin was Bilal bin Rabbah who was appointed directly by the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
For Muslims themselves, when visiting the Prophet's Mosque, they will not miss Raudhah. This is a place called Rasulullah SAW as one of the gardens of paradise. This area is between the Prophet's room or now the Prophet's tomb and the pulpit for preaching in the old mosque.
The area of the Prophet's MosqueThe Prophet's Mosque is included in the category of the second largest mosque in the world after the Grand Mosque in Makkah. Then how wide is the actual width of the Prophet's Mosque? It turns out that the area of the Prophet's Mosque reaches 1,060 x 580 square meters. This area includes the courtyard of the mosque with an area of 1,300 x 785 square meters which can accommodate one million worshipers inside and 800 thousand in the courtyard of the mosque.
At the Prophet's Mosque there are 250 automatic umbrellas which are used to protect the congregation from the hot sun or rain. The size of the Nabawi Mosque which is very wide requires at least 3,200 workers to clean it.
Interior of the Prophet's MosqueThe Nabawi Mosque has been expanded several times by the followers of Rasulullah SAW. Therefore there are additions in several sections. Currently the Prophet's Mosque has 27 domes, each of which weighs 80 tons. Interestingly, these domes are equipped with sliding dome technology or can be shifted to be opened or closed automatically as needed.
A total of 12 domes are each placed on the left and right wings, while three domes are on the wings of the main building of the Prophet's Mosque. The domes are King Fahd's most comprehensive expansion project. In addition, a giant umbrella was also installed which had become a trend. Until finally the architecture of the Prophet's Mosque was followed by mosques in various countries, including in Indonesia.
The following is a complete review of the interior of the Prophet's Mosque, namely:
1. Usman Ambassador PoleThe first part is the ambassador's pillar, where this is the place where the Prophet Muhammad first received envoys.
2. WatchtowerThe guard post is the place where the Prophet's bodyguards stood when the Prophet Muhammad entered the Nabawi Mosque.
3. Bed PostProphet Muhammad SAW used this place as a bed during i'tikaf at the Prophet's Mosque.
4. Pole of Abu LubabahThis pillar is called the Abu Lubabah Pole because it was here that Abu Lubabah tied himself up for seven days until Allah SWT accepted his repentance. This is because Abu Lubabah divulged the secrets of the prophet to the Jews.
5. Aisha's PoleOn this pillar, the Prophet Muhammad SAW used to lead the prayer until there was a change of Qibla from the Al-Aqsa Mosque to the Grand Mosque. This mihrab is called Mihrab Nabawi ash-Sharif.
6. Pillar of MukhallaqahThe Mukhallaqah pillar is the pillar attached to the mihrab of the Prophet Muhammad SAW in the Qibla direction.
7. Nabawi MihrabThis is the place where Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz performed his prayers for the first time at a mihrab in 91 H.
8. Ottoman MihrabAs the name implies, Mihrab Ottoman is the place where Caliph Usman bin Affan leads the prayer. Now it is also the place of the Imam of the Prophet's Mosque.
9. Mihrab HanafiMihrab Hanafi is where Imam Hanafi once led the prayers in the Nabawi Mosque. At that time the four priests had different mihrabs when leading the prayers.
10. Midnight MihrabThis is the place where the Prophet Muhammad SAW performed the midnight prayer.
11. PulpitAt the Nabawi Mosque today is the pulpit of Sultan Murad 3 from the Usman dynasty in 998 H.
12. Muezzin PlaceMuezzin's place is next to Utara Mimbar Nabawi. This place also functions as an amplifier for the voice of the imam's takbir during the five daily prayers.ra Mimbar Nabawi. This place also functions as an amplifier for the voice of the imam's takbir during the five daily prayers.
13. Stage Around the Tahajud PlaceThis is the place built by Sultan Nuruddin Zanki as a stage for security officers.
14. Place of Ahlu SuffahSuffah is defined as a shelter. In the past, friends lived in this place because they did not have a home and of course because they wanted to gain knowledge from the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
15. Baqi ChapterBab Baqi is the door opposite Bab Salam.
16. Chapter GabrielJibril's chapter is in the east. Also known as the Chapter of the Prophet because the Prophet often entered through this door.
17. Chapter Nisa'Bab Nisa' is a special door for women which was opened by Umar bin Khattab in 12 H.
18. Beer TalhahBir Talhah is a well that used to belong to Abu Talhah and then was donated only to hope for the pleasure of Allah SWT.
19. Greetings ChapterBab Salam is the door opened by Umar bin Khattab in 12 H.
20. House of Abu Bakr RAAbu Bakar RA's house was formerly located after the fifth pillar which was parallel to Bab Shiddiq.
The location of the Nabawi MosqueThe Prophet's Mosque is located in Al-Haram, Medina, Hejaz, Saudi Arabia. At first this mosque was next to the house of Rasulullah SAW in 632 H and has gone through various expansions for more than 1,400 years.
The location of the Prophet's Mosque is very strategic, namely in the middle of Medina and around it there are hotels and markets. The Prophet's Mosque has always been the main destination for pilgrims and Umrah pilgrims. Where there is the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad SAW which is also located around the mosque complex.
Also Read: Rows of Mosques in Medina that truFriends Must Visit
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